Aid effectiveness

An effort to make delivery of aid more efficient and effective. These were international processes on aid effectiveness largely led by donor countries


Oppression is the use of power to disempower, marginalize, silence or otherwise subordinate one social group or category, often in order to further empower and/or privilege the oppressor. Social oppression may not require formally established organizational support to achieve its desired effect; it may be applied on a more informal, yet more focused, individual basis. Anti-oppression work seeks to recognize the oppression that exists in our society and attempts to mitigate its effects and eventually equalize the power imbalances in our communities.


An alternative word for ‘at-risk,’ a term often applied to youth, that reminds us that there is much more promise and possibility in each young person than there is risk.


The giving of time, money or other resources to benefit others in need


A collaboration is an informal relationship between like-minded organizations to achieve specified goals, rarely requiring a formal agreement.

Development effectiveness

As a response to the concept of ‘aid effectiveness’, development effectiveness rejects the idea that better delivery of aid would automatically lead to better development results.

Disaggregated data

Disaggregating data involves delving more deeply into a set of results to highlight issues that pertain to individual subsets of results and/or outcomes of aggregated data. Collective or ‘aggregate’ data can be broken down or ‘disaggregated,’ for instance, by: gender, urban/ rural location, income, socio-cultural or ethnic background, language, geographical location, political/administrative units, or age groups.

Gender equality

Refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. Gender equality does not mean that women and men will become the same. It means that women and men enjoy the same status and have equal opportunity to realize their full human rights and potential to contribute to development.

Gender mainstreaming

A strategy that aims to integrate gender equality in a public engagement initiative that has a different area of focus (such as food security, environment, private sector development, access to water, etc.).

Global citizen

Oxfam Great Britain defines a global citizen as someone who:

  • Is aware of the wider world and has a sense of their own role as a world citizen
  • Respects and values diversity
  • Has an understanding of how the world works
  • Is outraged by social injustice
  • Participates in the community at a range of levels, from the local to the global
  • Is willing to act to make the world a more equitable and sustainable place
  • Takes responsibility for their actions.